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# Prime Composite Numbers: Complete Lesson

## About Prime Number

It is a positive whole number greater than one and is only divisible by one or itself, without a rest. Alternatively, a prime number is a positive integer with two positive variables, consisting of 1 and itself. As an example, five can just be divided by 1 and 5. Let’s learn more about Prime Composite Numbers.

### Facts

2 is the only even prime number. All various other exact numbers are divisible by 2.

All the prime numbers, except 2, are strange and also called odd Prime.

No prime number past 5 has the last number ending with a 5. All numbers more significant than five, which finish with a 5, are divisible by 5.

0 and 1 are not prime numbers.

### More about Composite Numbers

While prime numbers include two factors, composite numbers are positive integers or digits greater than two divisors. For instance, 23 has just two elements, (1 × 23)1 and 23. Therefore, it is a prime number. Nevertheless, number 4 has three divisors: 1,2 and 4 (1 × four and two × 2).

## How to identify Prime Composite Numbers

To evaluate if a number is composite or prime, the divisibility test of the order 3, 11, 7, 5, 2 and 13 are carried out.

A composite number is divisible by any one of the above elements. A number smaller than 121 and not divisible by 2, 3, 5 or 7, is prime. Contrarily, the number is composite. A number smaller than 289 and not divisible by 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, or 13 is also prime. If not, the number is composite.

### Example

Determine prime and also composite numbers from the complying with the list.

185, 253, 253, and 263.

Solution

Carry out the divisibility examination to recognize composite as well as prime numbers.

263 ends in an odd number 3, 263 is a prime number, and also, for that reason, it is not divisible by 2. Given that its last figure is not 0 or 5, it is also not divisible by 5. Last but not least, the electronic root of 263 is 2, i.e.

(2 + 6 + 3) = 11 as well as (1 + 1) = 2, so 3 cannot divide it.

185 has five digits in last, so 185 is divisible by 5. In this instance, the number is composite.

The number 253 has the last figure as 3, which is an odd number. Similarly, it does not end in 0 or 5; 253 is not divisible by 5. The electronic root of 253 is computed as (2 + 5 + 3) = 10. (1 + 0) = 1, which isn’t divisible by 3. Consequently, 253 is a composite number.

The number 243 has the last figure as 3, so it is not divisible by 2. The number does not have 0 or 5 as the last digit. And as a result, it is not divisible by 5. Its electronic root is obtained as (2 + 4 + 3) = 9, which is divisible by 3. As a result, 243 is composite.